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Strabismus


Signs of Amblyopia

Even though the condition may not be obvious symptoms may be recognised according to the way the child plays. The child may be quite clumsy, knocking over objects, not be able to grab objects thrown to them or walking into things. These indicate that their depth perception is not optimal. Furthermore, they may be tilting their head to one side which might show an eye muscle imbalance.


Strabismus

The most common cause of Amblyopia is strabismus, also called "cross eye" or squint. However any condition that affects normal visual development or use of the eyes may cause it. Strabismus is an imbalance of the position of the eyes which causes the eyes to turn out (exotropia), turn in (esotropia), turn up (hypertropia) or turn down (hypotropia). Sometimes Amblyopia also develops when one eye is more farsighted, nearsighted or where a cataract (abnormality of the eye) occurs.
If a child is longsighted (hypermetropic) or short-sighted (myopia), glasses may be needed to correct the refractive error and enable a clear image to be formed. Sometimes glasses may help straighten the eyes and hence avoid surgery for squinting.

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