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Grade 1

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Pressure ulcers that are classified as Stage 1 are limited to the epidermis. The area is red and exhibits non-blanching erythema. In Grade 1 Pressure Ulcers there is no breakdown to the skin surface however¹. Treatment focuses upon controlling the factors leading to the pressure being applied and prophylactic use of wound care products. The repositioning of bed bound or immobile patients is a vital part of management and a schedule can be drawn up to assist in this². Pressure relieving equipment such as bed mattresses and foam and air based cushions are also widely used.

With regard to skin protection, barrier products like 3M™ Cavilon™ Durable Barrier Cream and 3M™ Cavilon™ No Sting Barrier Film can help maintain the integrity of skin whilst providing protection against maceration where patients are incontinent or diaphoretic. Film dressings such as 3M™ Tegaderm™ Film Dressing to help prevent skin breakdown.

1. European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel. Pressure Ulcer Treatment Guidelines
2. Berlowitz, D.R., Wilking, S. (1989) Risk factors for pressure sores. J Am Geriatrics Soc. 37:11, 1043-1049

Information provided with support from the Wound Healing Research Unit, Cardiff.

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